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Roque Santeiro Informal Market - Informal Market World Atlas

Allan Cain
Thursday, 31 December, 2020

The market of Roque Santeiro emerged as an important centre of the informal economy in Luanda in the 1980s as the government encouraged people who had begun to sell on street corners to move to what was, before 1985, a piece of waste ground and informal rubbish tip. Even then, though the government was not in favour of the growth of the informal economy it was unable to prevent it and felt that it could only move it to what was then a marginal location. In the late 1980s and 1990s Roque Santeiro was the largest market in the city (and possibly the largest open-air market in Africa) serving as the main distribution point for other markets as well as selling directly to the public: goods from other areas of Angola and goods imported through the port (a short distance away) were traded in bulk at Roque Santeiro and then traded in smaller quantities in other areas of the market or in other locations.
The informal trading economy in Luanda continued to grow in the decade after the achievement of peace in Angola. The main underlying factor that contributes to the continued importance of the informal trading economy is the shortage of formal employment, which leads to large numbers of people creating their own economic activities in ways that require only small amounts of capital and low levels of skill.
Roque Santeiro was closed in 2010. Many day and casual labourers have lost their livelihoods, a scenario which may have contributed to increased levels of crime and delinquency in Luanda. The market had been a huge source of employment within the city, and its transfer meant a loss of employment for stevedores and ambulant sellers who earned a daily livings there and local house owners who provided overnight temporary warehousing of merchandise.
The Government however has renewed its determined effort to stamp out informal trading in early 2014 by announcing a heavy regime of fines, not only on informal traders, but on their customers as well. The image of the informal trader is seen as an affront to those who wish to promote the vision of Luanda as a world-class modern city, despite the fact that these informal markets still provide essential services and employment to much of the urban population.

Angola no Pos-guerra a Natureza Bifaceta

Ovadia & Croese (2017)
Monday, 23 October, 2017

Desde o final da guerra, o governo angolano manteve-se relativamente independente de influências externas. Ao contrário do que aconteceu após
conflitos noutros países da região, a reconstrução pós-guerra em Angola
não tem sido financiada pelo Ocidente, mas basicamente através de linhas
de crédito sustentadas pelo petróleo de países como a China. Um contexto
de insegurança global crescente no sector da energia reduziu ainda mais
a vantagem do Ocidente sobre a escolha e implementação de políticas de
desenvolvimento do governo angolano, uma vez que a consolidação da presença
de empresas (petrolíferas) ocidentais prevaleceu sobre a imposição de práticas
de boa governação e transparência.

African Struggles For the Right to the City - Allan Cain & Agnes Midi

Allan Cain & Agnes Midi
Friday, 13 October, 2017

Africa has some of the world’s most unequal cities. Informal settlements in African cities, and the struggles that are fought in their defense, are evidence of deep-rooted exclusion. They have inherited colonial segregated planning laws that are socio-economically exclusive, resulting in cement cities and slums. In many African former colonial countries, a struggle for a right to the city formed an integral part of the fight against colonialism and apartheid. In the decades since independence, few African states have been able to develop and implement reforms governing urban development to effectively improve these characteristics of their cities.

Water Resource Management Under a Changing Climate in Angola’s Coastal Settlements

Allan Cain
Monday, 2 October, 2017

Angola’s civil war caused a massive population movement from rural conflict areas to low-lying coastal zones between 1975 and 2002. More than half of Angola’s 27 million people now live in urban coastal settlements, floodplains and steep ravines vulnerable to climate extremes. Climaterelated risks are worsening and it is important to understand and prepare for them. Angola’s coastal areas are experiencing increasingly variable rainfall and pressure on water supplies and markets. But a dearth of relevant data has made it difficult to assess these risks. This paper demonstrates innovative methods in filling the information gap and how changes were introduced in how water is governed in four Angolan coastal cities.

FORBES SOBRE KIXICRÉDITO - JOAQUIM CATINDA

Sunday, 1 October, 2017

Instituição com um perfil de clientes em que 60% da carteira é constituída por mulheres e 84% surgem organizados em grupos de três a 15 pessoas, a Kixicrédito é, segundo o seu director executivo, uma das apenas quatro sociedades a operar em micro crédito no país além do Banco Sol e BAI Micro- finanças , ainda que se estime estarem constituídas 36. Em entrevista à FORRES. Joaquim Catinda explica a luta que tem desenvolvido, designadamente com o banco central, e prognostica uma revisão de 250% do valor máximo dos empréstimos do micro-crédito.

Conjuntura Ecónomica II Trimestre de 2017

Monday, 11 September, 2017

A presente publicação tem como principal objectivo, retractar a situação económica do momento e a disponibilização da informação estatística de curto prazo, permitindo uma maior resposta aos instrumentos de avaliação e percepção das expectativas dos agentes económicos. A mesma resulta da operação de recolha contínua do Inquérito de Conjuntura dos sectores da Indústria Extractiva, Indústria Transformadora, Construção, Comércio, Comunicação, Turismo e Transportes nas províncias de Luanda, Benguela, Huíla e Cuanza Sul. Cerca de 80% das empresas do país encontram-se localizadas nessas quatro províncias e empregam aproximadamente 53,50% dos trabalhadores ao nível nacional.

Relatório Analítico de Género de Angola | 2017

Thursday, 31 August, 2017

O Relatório Analítico de Género 2017 é o primeiro desta tipologia elaborado a nível nacional. O relatório capta o trabalho realizado em Angola, e em particular pelo Ministério da Família e Promoção da Mulher, para melhorar a situação da desigualdade de género e do empoderamento da mulher e da rapariga no último quinquénio.

O relatório apresenta uma linha de base de dados nacionais sensíveis ao género, e estabelece um primeiro passo para o fortalecimento da produção de dados diferenciados que possam permitir monitorar e avaliar sistematicamente o progresso no domínio do género e do empoderamento da mulher e da rapariga.

O relatório constata que o país realizou progressos significativos, principalmente a partir de 2013, na criação de um quadro legal, político e programático positivo, que tem permitido um engajamento crescente e concertado, tanto com instituições públicas como com instituições civis e privadas, para colmatar a desigualdade de género e avançar o desenvolvimento da mulher em Angola.

Alternatives to African commodity-backed urbanization: the case of China in Angola - OXFORD REVIEW OF ECONOMIC POLICY

Allan Cain
Saturday, 12 August, 2017

Since the end of the civil war in 2002, the government of Angola has used Chinese credit facilities backed by petroleum-based guarantees to build prestige urban projects . The most famous is the public-privately developed Kilamba “Centralidade” with 20,000 apartments, China’s largest housing venture in Africa. With the collapse of oil prices through 2014 and 2017, the Angolan state budget has been drastically reduced, and the government will unlikely be able to provide investment and subsidies to continue building new housing like Kilamba. The private sector has been reluctant to provide their own financing and invest in real-estate themselves due to weak land tenure and the lack of legislative reforms to make a functional land market. Solving the problems around land may be a way to stimulate financing for the housing sector. Post-socialist countries like Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia and China have unique opportunities through the conversion of State-monopoly-owned land for urban poverty reduction and social housing through land-value capture.

Mosaiko - Acesso à Justiça l 2016

Wednesday, 19 April, 2017

O Registo de Nascimento é corolário de outros direitos inscritos na natureza da pessoa humana, daí a sua relação com os Direitos Humanos. Ou seja, não se pode falar em registo de nascimento sem que haja uma pessoa física que tenha nascido, num determinado espaço territorial (Direito à Nacionalidade), e que tenha um nome (Direito ao Nome) dado pelos seus familiares de tal modo que, participe directamente de todos os assuntos ligados à vida pública como membro de uma sociedade (Direito à Cidadania).

Mosaiko - Acesso à Justiça l 2016

Wednesday, 19 April, 2017

Este trabalho é produto do primeiro exercício de avaliações participativas sobre o uso e acesso a mecanismos de Justiça, tanto no sector formal como no sector consuetudinário em quatro comunidades: duas comunidades periurbanas (uma em Luanda e outra em Benguela) e duas comunidades rurais na Huíla. O estudo procura mapear o impacto na vida quotidiana das pessoas de crimes como roubos, assaltos, violência doméstica contra a mulher, fuga à paternidade e abuso
sexual e descrever às experiências vividas pela população quando recorrem à Polícia, aos Tribunais, a entidades de aconselhamento ou às Autoridades Tradicionais.

Musseques na Agenda da ONU

Thursday, 16 February, 2017

A Nova Agenda Urbana das Nações Unidas para os próximos dez anos reserva uma atenção particular aos moradores dos musseques, favelas, caniços, bairros de lata e assentamentos informais, zonas habitadas maioritariamente por pessoas de baixos rendimentos. Adoptado na III Conferência das Nações Unidas para Habitação e Desenvolvimento Urbano, realizada em Outubro de 2016, na cidade de Quito, Equador, o documento refere que o desenvolvimento sustentável pressupõe o combate às múltiplas formas de discriminação, sobretudo aquelas que atingem mulheres e meninas, crianças e jovens, pessoas com deficiência, idosos, povos autóctones e comunidades suburbanas. A ministra do Urbanismo e Habitação, Branca do Espírito Santo, chefiou a delegação angolana ao evento.

Cement Citizens: housing, Demolition and Political Belonging in Luanda, Angola

Tuesday, 14 February, 2017

Following the end of Angola’s civil war (1975–2002), the capital city, Luanda, found itself awash in dreams of becoming a ‘world-class city’. The war had been won by the ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which used its dominant position to launch a project of ‘national reconstruction’, ostensibly to repair the broken country materially and politically. In practice, reconstruction became a means of attempting to solidify the MPLA’s political control (Schubert 2015; Soares de Oliveira 2015). Drawing from the country’s oil profits,1 the MPLA-state extended its reach through infrastructure projects and the building of clinics, schools and housing. In Luanda, state and private initiatives intersected in a construction frenzy that rapidly reshaped the city centre and peripheries. New high rises, luxury condominiums and state-sponsored housing remade experiences of urban life

Angola’s Housing Rental Market

Friday, 10 February, 2017

Despite the significant demand for rented housing in Angola, it does not feature in Angola's National Urbanisation and Housing Program1. This is unsurprising as few African Governments do give rented housing the attention that it deserves. Governments tend not to recognize that rental housing exists as an important form of housing tenure and that many households rent their housing at some stage in their housing career. For political reasons home ownership is the preferred housing option. However, rented housing appears to be unavoidable while households raise the capital to buy or build their own home, or while searching for land and saving for the building of a self-build home

The Cooperative Housing Sector in Angola

Friday, 10 February, 2017

Angola’s National Urbanism and Housing Programme (PNHU) identified Cooperative Housing as one of the four key strategies adopted to meet the country’s deficit of more than one million dwelling units. The PNHU set a target for the construction of 80,000 cooperative housing units or 8% of the planned one million dwellings in the period up to 2015. Cooperative housing in Angola has roots that date back to colonial times when models were drawn from Portuguese cooperative traditions. In the post independence period after 1975, urban planning professionals returning home from training in eastern European, formerly socialist countries, brought back experience of cooperative housing models from countries where they studied or visited.

The Private Housing Sector in Angola

Friday, 10 February, 2017

The Angolan Government, in its public pronouncements, has put great store in the private sector in driving post-war development and taking the lead particularly in the housing sector. However the World Bank has shown that Angola remains one of the world’s most difficult countries to do business, particularly in the sale and transfer of property. In the 1990s Angola had the daunting task of transforming, what had been a centrally-planned post-independence economy into a more open liberalised one that would attract foreign investment. At the end of the war in 2002 the country hoped to attract international investors and know-how to rebuild its devastated infrastructure and help meet the huge social demands for housing and employment. The Angolan Government rightly identified some of the key steps that needed to be taken to attract the private sector assistance. It committed itself to the provision of fiscal incentives, a reform of the system of credit for housing and the creation of public-private partnerships. However the growth of the private sector in Angola was inhibited by several historic factors.

The 2015 CSO Sustainability Index For Sub-Saharan Africa

Thursday, 26 January, 2017

USAID is pleased to present the seventh edition of the CSO Sustainability Index (CSOSI) for Sub-Saharan Africa. The index describes advances and setbacks in seven key dimensions of sustainability in the civil society sector in 2015—the legal environment, organizational capacity, financial viability, advocacy, service provision, infrastructure, and public image. The reports are produced by an expert panel of CSO practitioners and researchers in each country included in this year’s index. The panels assess each dimension of CSO sustainability according to key indicators and
agree on a score, which can range from 1 (most developed) to 7 (most challenged). The scores for each dimension are averaged to produce an overall sustainability score for a given country’s CSO sector. An editorial committee composed of technical and regional experts then reviews the scores and corresponding narratives with an eye to ensuring consistent approaches and standards to allow for cross-country comparisons. The scores are grouped into three overarching categories—Sustainability Enhanced (scores from 1 to 3), Sustainability Evolving (3.1-5), and Sustainability Impeded (5.1-7)—which provide additional comparative benchmarks. Further details about the methodology used to calculate scores and produce corresponding narrative reports are provided in Annex A. The index is a useful source of information for CSOs, governments, donors, academics, and others who want to better understand and monitor key aspects of CSO sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa. It complements similar indices covering countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, Asia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. A publication of this type would not be possible without the contributions of many individuals and organizations. We are particularly grateful to the Aga Khan Foundation, which supported the assessments of Kenya and Mali (as well as the indices for Afghanistan and Pakistan) and our implementing partners in each country, who facilitate the expert panel meetings and write the country reports. We also thank the many CSO representatives and experts, USAID partners, and international donors who participated in the expert panels in each country. Their knowledge, perceptions, ideas, and dedication are the foundation upon which this index is based.

The Financing and Affordability of Urban Services in Angola

Friday, 20 January, 2017

With the approaching rainy season in Angola and new reports of cholera, which has been held in abeyance since the epidemic of 2007, public policy makers and consumers alike look at the implementation of long-delayed urban services reforms. Paying for services has become the Government’s mantra since the financial crisis hit two years ago and they were obliged to withdraw subsidies. Civil society and consumer groups at the same time demand equitable access and affordability when asked to pay for the first time for these services.

Media Dossier on Housing January – December 2016

Monday, 16 January, 2017

The Extract of news is a service of the Documentation Center of the DW (CEDOC) located on the premises of DW in Luanda. The Center was created in January 2001 with the aim of facilitating the collection, storage, access and dissemination of information on socio-economic development of the country. Through the monitoring of projects of DW, studies, surveys and other forms of information collection, the center holds a considerable amount of documents between reports, articles, maps and books. The information is archived physically and electronically, and is available for consultation to interested entities. In addition to the collection and storage of information, the Center has the mission of disseminating information by various means. One of the main products of the Center is the extract of news. This Official monitors the national press and extract articles of interest to the readers with activities of interest in the development of the country. The official brings articles categorized into the following main groups.

Dossier de Habitação Janeiro - Dez 2016

Monday, 16 January, 2017

O Extracto de notícias é um serviço do Centro de Documentação da DW (CEDOC) situado nas instalações da DW em Luanda. O Centro foi criado em Janeiro de 2001 com o objectivo de facilitar a recolha, armazenamento, acesso e disseminação de informação sobre desenvolvimento socio-economico do País. Através da monitoria dos projectos da DW, estudos, pesquisas e outras formas de recolha de informação, o Centro armazena uma quantidade considerável de documentos entre relatórios, artigos, mapas e livros. A informação é arquivada física e eletronicamente, e está disponível para consulta para as entidades interessadas. Além da recolha e armazenamento de informação, o Centro tem a missão da disseminação de informação por vários meios. Um dos produtos principais do Centro é o Extracto de notícias. Este Jornal monitora a imprensa nacional e extrai artigos de interesse para os leitores com actividades de interesse no âmbito do desenvolvimento do País. O jornal traz artigos categorizados nos seguintes grupos principais.

Angola’s new housing finance reforms

Sunday, 15 January, 2017

The last year has seen the introduction of some long-outstanding fiscal reforms in Angola’s housing economy. The new Minister of Housing and Urban Development Ms Branca do Espírito Santo has brought some new insights from her years in senior management in the nominally-private-sector real-estate company IMOGESTIN and even earlier as director of a civil-society organization. She assumed her new post, in March 2016, as Angola entered into its second year of economic crises after the collapse of the country’s commodity prices

Urban Governance and Turning African Cities Around Luanda Case Study

Friday, 6 January, 2017

This working paper presents the findings of the study on the process that has taken place over
the past decade to turn around the city of Luanda, the capital of Angola. It is part of a broader
research project that examines the case of Luanda, alongside Johannesburg and Lagos, to
shed light on the governance practices that have started to emerge on the continent in an era
that has been marked by rapid economic growth.
Luanda has been the main beneficiary of Angola’s economic boom that started in 2002
fuelled by oil revenue. Two projects were undertaken as part of efforts to turn the city around:
the redevelopment of the Bay of Luanda and the construction of the New City of Kilamba. The
Bay of Luanda work included the redevelopment of the waterfront to create pedestrian spaces,
cycle lanes, sports fields and spaces for cultural events, while the New City of Kilamba
consisted of the construction of 710 buildings, kindergartens and schools, along with water
and electricity infrastructure.

GESTÃO DA EPAL CRITICADA

Friday, 23 December, 2016

Cortes no abastecimento de água, falta de contratos de prestação de serviço, fraca aceitação dos munícipes do projecto das 700 mil ligações domiciliares, danificação das condutas constam das dificuldades registadas pelas associações de consumidores de água.

STATE-LED HOUSING DELIVERY AS AN INSTRUMENT OF DEVELOPMENTAL PATRIMONIALISM: THE CASE OF POST-WAR ANGOLA

Tuesday, 6 December, 2016

This article examines state-led housing delivery in post-war Angola as an instrument of developmental patrimonialism. It draws on a growing literature on political settlements to highlight the role of rents, informal institutions, and power arrangements in managing political stability and economic growth. In the case of post-war Angola, key forms of rent distribution take place at the level of the presidency through the centralized use of actors and institutions that emerged historically outside of the ambit of regular government structures. These involve foreign business allies and special state agencies such as the state oil company Sonangol that respond exclusively to the Angolan president. While this has kept regular state institutions weak, the approach has been successful in terms of fast-tracking public investments that are important for rent distribution to key constituencies while keeping political competition at bay. The case of a resource-rich country such as Angola provides insight into the context-specific ways in which developmental patrimonialism translates into practice and the actors, interests, and institutions driving state-led housing delivery.

Angola tem uma Visão Sustentável de Longo Prazo - Allan Cain

Monday, 17 October, 2016

Um verdadeiro amigo de Angola. A afirmação reflecte o percurso de Allan Cain, um arquitecto urbanista canadiano, que, quando tinha 29 anos, em 1980, largou projectos profissionais no seu país para se dedicar a tempo inteiro a Angola, onde se estabeleceu, até hoje, com a organização não governamental Development Workshop, com larga experiência na área de assentamentos humanos

A sua ligação a Angola começou quatro anos antes, em Junho de 1976, quando manteve contactos com a delegação angolana que participou, em Vancouver, no Canadá, na primeira conferência da ONU sobre Habitação e Desenvolvimento Urbano Sustentável, um evento realizado a cada período de vinte anos. O responsável pela sua vinda ao país foi o já falecido José Luís Guerra Marques, que integrou, na qualidade de director-geral do Laboratório de Engenharia de Angola (LEA,) a delegação angolana a Vancouver, chefiada pelo primeiro ministro da Construção da Angola independente,Manuel Resende de Oliveira, que ficou no cargo até 1978.

Rent Strike narrowly averted in Kilamba City - DW Angola - Published version

Thursday, 22 September, 2016

The Kilamba project became the show-piece of Angola’s Housing and Urban Development Program announced by the President in 2008. With US$ 3.5 billion financing from the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, purportedly backed by oil-revenues, the project was built in a record 18 months by CITIC a major Chinese consortium and completed in 2012. The Kilamba City project, includes 750 apartment buildings, schools, and more than 100 retail units. The new city was built to accommodate 160,000 people in 20,000 flats, each with a floor area of between 110 and 150 m2 and costing from US$120,000 to US$200,000. SONIP Housing had been created in 2013 as a real-estate arm of the Angolan state petroleum company SONANGOL. It was given the mandate to commercialize, manage and distribute 33,255 housing units of which 20,000 of them were in the recently completed Kilamba City. Kilamba has gained fame as being the largest Chinese built housing complex in Africa and the show-case of Angola’s post-war National Urban Housing Program. During the first year of SONIP’s management of Kilamba, it only distributed 12,425 units and acquired a substantial waiting list of impatient aspirant clients. Smaller, most affordable, three bedroom T3 units were in great demand but the larger expensive five-bedroom

units remained empty. By September 2013 the three and four bedroom units were exhausted2, and clients reluctantly accepted the larger units, but often expressed concerns about their capacity to make the payments of US$ 12,000 per year.

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