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Roque Santeiro Informal Market - Informal Market World Atlas

Allan Cain
Thursday, 31 December, 2020

The market of Roque Santeiro emerged as an important centre of the informal economy in Luanda in the 1980s as the government encouraged people who had begun to sell on street corners to move to what was, before 1985, a piece of waste ground and informal rubbish tip. Even then, though the government was not in favour of the growth of the informal economy it was unable to prevent it and felt that it could only move it to what was then a marginal location. In the late 1980s and 1990s Roque Santeiro was the largest market in the city (and possibly the largest open-air market in Africa) serving as the main distribution point for other markets as well as selling directly to the public: goods from other areas of Angola and goods imported through the port (a short distance away) were traded in bulk at Roque Santeiro and then traded in smaller quantities in other areas of the market or in other locations.
The informal trading economy in Luanda continued to grow in the decade after the achievement of peace in Angola. The main underlying factor that contributes to the continued importance of the informal trading economy is the shortage of formal employment, which leads to large numbers of people creating their own economic activities in ways that require only small amounts of capital and low levels of skill.
Roque Santeiro was closed in 2010. Many day and casual labourers have lost their livelihoods, a scenario which may have contributed to increased levels of crime and delinquency in Luanda. The market had been a huge source of employment within the city, and its transfer meant a loss of employment for stevedores and ambulant sellers who earned a daily livings there and local house owners who provided overnight temporary warehousing of merchandise.
The Government however has renewed its determined effort to stamp out informal trading in early 2014 by announcing a heavy regime of fines, not only on informal traders, but on their customers as well. The image of the informal trader is seen as an affront to those who wish to promote the vision of Luanda as a world-class modern city, despite the fact that these informal markets still provide essential services and employment to much of the urban population.

Urban Poverty in Luanda, Angola

Sunday, 6 May, 2018

This report is part of the research programme “Cooperation on Research and Development in Angola” between Centro de Estudos e Investigação Científica (CEIC) at the Catholic Universityin Luanda, Angola and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) in Bergen, Norway funded by the Norwegian Embassy. The objective of the programme is to increase the quality, quantity and availability of relevant research-based knowledge on Angola. The programme has several subprojects in political science, economics and social science.1 This report on urban poverty in Luanda is related to the social science project “Urban and Rural Poverty Dynamics”. A similar report has been published on rural poverty in the province of Malanje (Tvedten, Lázaro et al. 2017).

Rural Poverty in Malanje, Angola

Saturday, 5 May, 2018

This report is part of the research programme “Cooperation on Research and Development in Angola” between Centro de Estudos e Investigação Científica (CEIC) at the Catholic University in Luanda, Angola and Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) in Bergen, Norway. The objective of the programme is to increase the quality, quantity and availability of relevant research-based knowledge on Angola. The programme has several sub-projects in political science, economics and social science1. This report on rural poverty in Malanje is related to the social science sub-project “Urban and Rural Poverty Dynamics”, and will be followed by a similar report on urban poverty in Luanda (forthcoming 2017).

Delimitação Participativa da Terra

Thursday, 5 April, 2018

A primeira edição deste Manual foi realizada no âmbito do Projecto FAO GCP/ ANG/035/EC, em 2008. Em 2016 foi feita uma revisão e actualização do Manual, no âmbito do Projeto de Gestão de Terras no Planalto Central de Angola, implementado pelas ONGs Visão Mundial e Development Workshop e financiado pela União Europeia, e com apoio do Projecto RETESA da FAO (GCP/ANG/048/GEF) financiado pelo Fundo Global de Ambiente (GEF). Esta revisão visa facilitar o seu uso por parte dos técnicos que desempenham a função de facilitadores no processo de delimitação de terras das comunidades.

Informal water markets and community management in peri-urban Luanda, Angola

Tuesday, 20 March, 2018

Luanda is one of Africa’s fastest-growing cities, its population increasing at a rate of
almost 7% annually, and reaching over 7 million people by 2016. The breadth of
Angola’s informal sector – and its pervasive role in the lives of most Angolans –
cannot be overstated. Throughout the vast urban musseques (informal settlements) of peri-urban Luanda, in which approximately half of the city’s population currently
reside, essential services – such as water and food distribution – are provided for the
overwhelming majority through private initiative in the informal sector

Participatory and Inclusive Land Readjustment in Huambo, Angola

Tuesday, 20 March, 2018

After a protracted civil war, Angola has been reconstructing its social and physical infrastructure and developing new policies and legislation to address the chronic povert that many families live in. Four decades of war were characterized by forced removals, resettlement, and massive internal displacement of rural and urban populations. Urban expansion became uncontrolled, and informal land transactions flourished with few legal tools and little financial and human resources to manage land properly. Land has emerged as a critical point of potential conflicts, and a recent research has demonstrated that, after the civil war, thriving land markets have come to exist in Angola;

Verónica José: A Mulher que Transformou Vidas a Criar Negócios em Zonas de Conflito

Friday, 9 March, 2018

Há mais de duas décadas, Verónica José enfrentou a guerra para ajudar mulheres a desenvolverem pequenos negócios, tornando-se pioneira na concessão de micro-crédito em Angola. Conheça a sua história e de outras mulheres, no dia que lhes é dedicado. Uma iniciativa da Sparknews, rede de jornais internacionais, que integra o Expansão. Ao longo do mês, veja como várias mulheres ajudaram a mudar vidas, no especial Dia da Mulher. Verónica José tem um currículo invejável que se mistura com um percurso de activismo social. Nas últimas duas décadas, transformou a vida de milhares de angolanos, desde que decidiu dedicar-se a um projecto de micro finanças que deu os primeiros passos em 1999 e que, nas duas décadas de existência, já deu microcrédito a mais de 20.000 pessoas, a maioria mulheres. Licenciada em Contabilidade e Auditoria, enfrentou a família para levar pequenos empréstimos ao interior do país, numa altura em que a guerra civil desaconselhava viagens. Enquanto milhões de pessoas fugiam para Luanda, capital de Angola, por ser a zona mais segura.

Rebuilding Lives & Businesses in a Post -Conflict Nation

Thursday, 8 March, 2018

During the height of the Angolan civil war, Verónica José brought hope and entrepreneurial spirit to some of the country’s hardest hit areas. Verónica José has an impressive resumé and considerable experience in social activism. During the past two decades, she has transformed the lives of thousands of Angolans through micro financing projects in some of the poorest and most remote parts of the nation. Already some 20,000 people, mostly women, have benefited.

Lessons of Angola

Monday, 11 December, 2017

It was an improbable locus for a superpower collision. But the shape and location, if not the history and social reality, of Angola were being firmly impressed upon the minds of millions of American television viewers. At issue, they learned from the Secretary of State, testifying before a Senate subcommittee on African affairs, was this basic principle: "The Soviet Union must not be given any opportunity to use military forces for aggressive purposes without running the risk of conflict with us."1 Angola was to be the post-Vietnam testing ground of American will and power in the face of the global expansion of a bullish rival whose recently realized military outreach was seen to be leading it toward dangerous adventures.

ONDAKA Numéro 1711 2017

Wednesday, 1 November, 2017

O governador da província do Huambo, João Baptista Kussumua, disse no município de Londuimbali, que os desafios do desenvolvimento do país estão ajustados aos 42 de Independência Nacional, facto que tem inspirado o Governo na prossecução do interesse público.

Falando no acto comemorativo dos 42 anos da Independência Nacional, referiu que o Governo tudo tem feito e de forma contínua para que o progresso e o desenvolvimento do país sigam os anos de existência de Angola, que enquanto nação passou a surgir a partir do dia 11 de Novembro de 1975.

Angola no Pos-guerra a Natureza Bifaceta

Ovadia & Croese (2017)
Monday, 23 October, 2017

Desde o final da guerra, o governo angolano manteve-se relativamente independente de influências externas. Ao contrário do que aconteceu após
conflitos noutros países da região, a reconstrução pós-guerra em Angola
não tem sido financiada pelo Ocidente, mas basicamente através de linhas
de crédito sustentadas pelo petróleo de países como a China. Um contexto
de insegurança global crescente no sector da energia reduziu ainda mais
a vantagem do Ocidente sobre a escolha e implementação de políticas de
desenvolvimento do governo angolano, uma vez que a consolidação da presença
de empresas (petrolíferas) ocidentais prevaleceu sobre a imposição de práticas
de boa governação e transparência.

African Struggles For the Right to the City - Allan Cain & Agnes Midi

Allan Cain & Agnes Midi
Friday, 13 October, 2017

Africa has some of the world’s most unequal cities. Informal settlements in African cities, and the struggles that are fought in their defense, are evidence of deep-rooted exclusion. They have inherited colonial segregated planning laws that are socio-economically exclusive, resulting in cement cities and slums. In many African former colonial countries, a struggle for a right to the city formed an integral part of the fight against colonialism and apartheid. In the decades since independence, few African states have been able to develop and implement reforms governing urban development to effectively improve these characteristics of their cities.

Water Resource Management Under a Changing Climate in Angola’s Coastal Settlements

Allan Cain
Monday, 2 October, 2017

Angola’s civil war caused a massive population movement from rural conflict areas to low-lying coastal zones between 1975 and 2002. More than half of Angola’s 27 million people now live in urban coastal settlements, floodplains and steep ravines vulnerable to climate extremes. Climaterelated risks are worsening and it is important to understand and prepare for them. Angola’s coastal areas are experiencing increasingly variable rainfall and pressure on water supplies and markets. But a dearth of relevant data has made it difficult to assess these risks. This paper demonstrates innovative methods in filling the information gap and how changes were introduced in how water is governed in four Angolan coastal cities.

ONDAKA Numéro 1710 2017

Monday, 2 October, 2017

A ONG Acção para o Desenvolvimento Rural e Ambiente realizou no passado dia 17 de Outubro do ano em curso, o 20º encontro provincial das comunidades, que contou com a participação dos líderes comunitários dos municípios em que actua.

O encontro provincial serviu para analisar o cumprimento das recomendações saídas dos encontros municipais, bem como, juntar os líderes comunitários e responsáveis das instituições do Estado, para juntos encontrarem soluções das principais preocupações apresentadas pelas comunidades.

FORBES SOBRE KIXICRÉDITO - JOAQUIM CATINDA

Sunday, 1 October, 2017

Instituição com um perfil de clientes em que 60% da carteira é constituída por mulheres e 84% surgem organizados em grupos de três a 15 pessoas, a Kixicrédito é, segundo o seu director executivo, uma das apenas quatro sociedades a operar em micro crédito no país além do Banco Sol e BAI Micro- finanças , ainda que se estime estarem constituídas 36. Em entrevista à FORRES. Joaquim Catinda explica a luta que tem desenvolvido, designadamente com o banco central, e prognostica uma revisão de 250% do valor máximo dos empréstimos do micro-crédito.

Conjuntura Ecónomica II Trimestre de 2017

Monday, 11 September, 2017

A presente publicação tem como principal objectivo, retractar a situação económica do momento e a disponibilização da informação estatística de curto prazo, permitindo uma maior resposta aos instrumentos de avaliação e percepção das expectativas dos agentes económicos. A mesma resulta da operação de recolha contínua do Inquérito de Conjuntura dos sectores da Indústria Extractiva, Indústria Transformadora, Construção, Comércio, Comunicação, Turismo e Transportes nas províncias de Luanda, Benguela, Huíla e Cuanza Sul. Cerca de 80% das empresas do país encontram-se localizadas nessas quatro províncias e empregam aproximadamente 53,50% dos trabalhadores ao nível nacional.

ONDAKA Numéro 1709 2017

Friday, 1 September, 2017

O baixo caudal do rio Culimahala, onde se encontra a central de captação tratamento e distribuição, está a condicionar o abastecimento de água à cidade do Huambo, informou o Presidente do Conselho da Administração (PCA) da Empresa Provincial de Águas (EPAH).

Adolfo Elias referiu que apesar das restrições e défices devido as fracas chuvas, o sistema de abastecimento de água está operacional, nos últimos meses de Julho Agosto e Setembro, o fornecimento baixou para metade.

Relatório Analítico de Género de Angola | 2017

Thursday, 31 August, 2017

O Relatório Analítico de Género 2017 é o primeiro desta tipologia elaborado a nível nacional. O relatório capta o trabalho realizado em Angola, e em particular pelo Ministério da Família e Promoção da Mulher, para melhorar a situação da desigualdade de género e do empoderamento da mulher e da rapariga no último quinquénio.

O relatório apresenta uma linha de base de dados nacionais sensíveis ao género, e estabelece um primeiro passo para o fortalecimento da produção de dados diferenciados que possam permitir monitorar e avaliar sistematicamente o progresso no domínio do género e do empoderamento da mulher e da rapariga.

O relatório constata que o país realizou progressos significativos, principalmente a partir de 2013, na criação de um quadro legal, político e programático positivo, que tem permitido um engajamento crescente e concertado, tanto com instituições públicas como com instituições civis e privadas, para colmatar a desigualdade de género e avançar o desenvolvimento da mulher em Angola.

Alternatives to African commodity-backed urbanization: the case of China in Angola - OXFORD REVIEW OF ECONOMIC POLICY

Allan Cain
Saturday, 12 August, 2017

Since the end of the civil war in 2002, the government of Angola has used Chinese credit facilities backed by petroleum-based guarantees to build prestige urban projects . The most famous is the public-privately developed Kilamba “Centralidade” with 20,000 apartments, China’s largest housing venture in Africa. With the collapse of oil prices through 2014 and 2017, the Angolan state budget has been drastically reduced, and the government will unlikely be able to provide investment and subsidies to continue building new housing like Kilamba. The private sector has been reluctant to provide their own financing and invest in real-estate themselves due to weak land tenure and the lack of legislative reforms to make a functional land market. Solving the problems around land may be a way to stimulate financing for the housing sector. Post-socialist countries like Angola, Mozambique, Ethiopia and China have unique opportunities through the conversion of State-monopoly-owned land for urban poverty reduction and social housing through land-value capture.

Ordering Power? The Politics of State-led Housing Delivery Under Authoritarianism – The Case of Luanda, Angola

Tuesday, 1 August, 2017

From Bangkok to Rio de Janeiro, urban areas in the global South have experienced steady expansion in recent decades. Informal settlements on the peripheries of Johannesburg or Jakarta have swelled to accommodate rural migrants or foreigners searching for work or better services. Almost overnight, satellite cities and peri-urban developments in Beijing and Luanda have materialised to house an emerging middle class. In urban areas as diverse as Addis Ababa and Dubai, city building projects showcasing a country’s world class aspirations or its resource wealth have multiplied (Schindler, 2015).

ONDAKA Numéro 1708 2017

Tuesday, 1 August, 2017

Cidadãos afluíram às urnas de forma responsável e cívica

O processo de votação nas assembleias de voto na província do Huambo decorreu de forma célere e tranquila, os cidadãos afluíram as urnas com responsabilidade e civismo. O cidadão João Baptista Kussumua que votou na Faculdade de Economia, disse estar satisfeito com o andamento do processo.

ONDAKA Numéro 1707 2017

Monday, 3 July, 2017

A província do Huambo acolheu a Plenária Sindical Regional Centro e Sul do País da União Nacional dos Trabalhadores Angolanos UNTA sob o lema, “os desafios do futuro”.

O vice-governador do Huambo para o sector Social Guilherme Tuluca, ao proceder á abertura do evento, disse que algumas aspirações não estão realizadas de acordo as espectativas, tendo afirmado que nenhuma entidade patronal trate mal dos seus trabalhadores de forma propositada, sob pena de comprometer os objectivos da sua empresa.

New City, new Citizens?: A Lefebvrian Exploration of State-led Housing and Political Identities in Luanda, Angola

Tuesday, 13 June, 2017

The new city of Kilamba, located about 30 kilometres South of Luanda, is an emblematic case of the oil-for-infrastructure model that characterises post-war reconstruction in Angola since 2002 (Croese 2012, Corkin 2013). Built between 2009 and 2010 by one of the major Chinese stateowned building companies, Kilamba City1 has been widely criticised for being a symbol of a development that chooses the fast-paced delivery of physical infrastructures over long-term investments in education and health care and that allows opaque multi-million dollars deals to maintain
the oligarchic regime in power (Schubert 2014, Soares de Oliveira 2015).

 

Aesthetic Dissent: Urban Redevelopment and Political Belonging in Luanda, Angola

Claudia Gastrow
Thursday, 1 June, 2017

Over the previous decade, African cities experienced a wave of frenzied construction driven by imaginations of world-city status. While these projects provoked new discussions about African urbanism, the literature on them has focused more on the paperwork of planning than actual urban experiences. This article addresses this lacuna by investigating residents' reactions to the post-conflict building boom in Luanda, Angola. I show that Luandans' held highly ambivalent orientations towards the emerging city. Their views were shaped by suspicions about pacts between Angolan elites and international capital that recapitulated longstanding tensions over national belonging. These concerns were voiced via discussions of the very aesthetics of the new city. Buildings became catalysts for expressions of dissent that put into question the very project of state-driven worlding. The paper therefore argues that the politics of aesthetics are central to grasping the contested understandings of urbanism currently emerging in various African cities.

ONDAKA Numéro 1706 2017

Thursday, 1 June, 2017

A ONG Development Workshop promoveu de 5 a 9 de Junho um seminário de capacitação de facilitadores em saneamento total liderado pelas comunidades e escolas, no município do Cachiungo província do Huambo.

Realizado com o objectivo de abordar do saneamento assumido pelas comunidades nos últimos anos ao nível internacional e regional, contou com a participação de 31 técnicos provenientes da Direcção Nacional de Águas do Huambo, Cuanza Sul e Cunene.

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